A study has warned that overweight people who exercise regularly are still at an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke and respiratory disease.
University of Glasgow experts studied people who were overweight but had a normal metabolic profile, a combination dubbed metabolically health obesity (MHO).
People with MHO have a body mass index of 30 or higher but lack systemic inflammation, problematic blood fats and insulin issues often seen with obesity.
Experts have determined that MHO may happen in the general population at levels of anywhere between 3 and 22 per cent.
The team discovered that metabolically healthy obesity raises the risk of numerous health conditions in comparison with people with a regular BMI.
For example, it increases the risk of type 2 diabetes 4.3 fold and leads to a mountainous 76 per cent rise in the risk of heart failure.
Experts estimated that there are more than 300 million people worldwide who are overweight, a figure anticipated to surpass 1 billion, or 1 in 5 people, come the year 2030.
The study was undertaken by epidemiologist Frederick Ho of the University of Glasgow and his colleagues.
They wrote that people with metabolically healthy obesity are not healthy as they’re at greater risk of heart attack and stroke, heart failure, and respiratory diseases compared with people without obesity who have a normal metabolic profile.
And they said that weight management could be beneficial to all people with obesity irrespective of their metabolic profile, and they said that the term metabolically healthy obesity should be circumvented in clinical medicine as it’s misleading, and different approaches for determining risk should be investigated.
In their study, the researchers observed 381,363 individuals, all of whom were either of a healthy weight, overweight or obese.
All the participants were part of the UK Biobank project, a wide-scale study that collected detailed genetic and health information on half a million volunteers.
Subjects were grouped into one of four categories, either metabolically healthy obese (MHO), metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO), metabolically healthy non-obese (MHN) or metabolically unhealthy non-obese (MUN).
The team discovered that the MHO people in the study were generally younger, watched less television, were more educated, consumed more red and processed meat and were less likely to be male and non-white than MUO participants.
Furthermore, MHO subjects were 4.3 times more prone to have type 2 diabetes, 18 per cent more at risk of a heart attack or stroke and 76 per cent more inclined to suffer heart failure than metabolically healthy participants without obesity.
But a person who exercises is moving their body and making an effort, and this article just knocks them down, and it’s better to move than not to move.
Being overweight is bad for you, but on the other hand, it shouldn’t be glamorised either, but being active doesn’t mean your fit either. A person can go to the gym and swim numerous times a week, frequent yoga and pilate classes, but that still doesn’t mean that you’re fit, and slender people die from heart attacks as well, and this article would just have put people off from exercising more because they’ll think, well why bother?
The problem is, England is an obesogenic environment where the default lifestyle leads to obesity, and people don’t choose to get fat, they just choose not to get healthy, and the society that they live in does the rest.
An inactive lifestyle, high-fat foods, and normalisation of obesity all make it easy to be overweight in modern Britain. Sadly, it comes at a great personal cost and an increasingly great expense to the NHS.